This blog post is one of 5 which we are posting to celebrate the end of World War One, but also to commemorate the soldiers who fought for our country. Each blog post will be about some of the main events that happened during WW1.
Todays post is about the main event of 2016.
2nd February 2016
The British government and army introduced conscription. Even though over 300,000 men volunteered to serve in the British Armed Forces (B.E.F) during the first 2 years of war, there were heavy losses on the Western Front. At first, only men who were single at the time were made to enlist, but by the end of the war men who were married were also conscripted.
31st May 2016
The Battle of Jutland was a war at sea with the British Navy and German Navy. Admiral Reinhardt von Scheer, of the German Army, ordered 40 ships to sail along the Danish coast. Admiral John Jellicoe, of the British Army, the ordered the Grand Fleet to sail over there when he heard the news. Then Admiral David Beatty and 52 ships left Orkney to go and join the Grand Fleet. The German and British navy met in between Britain and Denmark and opened fire at a range of 15km. However, due to the hazy weather and the position of the sun, the Germans had a significant advantage. I total, the British Navy lost 3 battlecruisers, 3 cruisers, 8 destroyers and there were 6,100 casualties. The German Navy lost 1 battleship, 1 battlecruiser, 3 destroyers, 4 light cruisers and there were 2,550 casualties. Admiral Reinhardt von Scheer claimed victory based on the number of ships destroyed.
5th June 2016
Lord Kitchener was killed at sea when the HMS Hampshire struck a mine. He was heading to Russia in an attempt to rally the country in its fight against Germany.
1st July 2016
The Battle of the Somme began after a week-long artillery bombardment on the German lines. It lasted nearly 5 months, and on the first day the British troops advanced towards the German trenches, thinking that they had destroyed their defences. However, they hadn’t destroyed as many as they had expected and the British forces suffered 57,470 casualties including 19,240 fatalities.
Above: The Battle of the Somme
6th December 2016
David Lloyd George became the British Prime Minister. He replaced Herbert Henry Asquith (H.H. Asquith) who had been Prime Minister for 8 years.
Thank you for reading xx