Today’s blog post is about some of the main events that happened during 2017. As you will probably know, the war has finally ended so we are posting a series of blog posts to celebrate the end of the war and also to commemorate the soldiers who fought for our country.
19th January 1917
The United States of America declared war on Germany. President Woodren Wilson sent the American Expeditionary Force (A.E.F) to the Western Front. Men who were between the ages of 21 and 30 were required to enlist for military service and the 12th September 1981, 23,908,566 men had registered.
12th April 2017
The Canadian Army captured Vimy Ridge which ran almost 12km north-east of Arras. The Germans occupied Vimy Ridge in September 2014 and had started to construct trenches, bunkers and concrete machine gun posts. There were repeated attempts by the French Army to take Vimy Ridge by they never succeeded. On the evening of the 8th April 2017, 30,000 members of the Canadian Corps began to move to the from line. At 5.30am on the 9th April 2017, 2, 800 Allied guns shot at the German trenches and the Canadian infantry went over the top into No-Mans-Land. The captured the Wolfer Graben trench system and the south-east of Thelus. On the 12th April 2017 the Canadian Army had in control of Vimy Ridge.
The Allied forces were desperate to capture Vimy Ridge from the Germans because it was on high ground and that gave whoever was in control of it the advantage because it was easier to see the enemy.
Above: Vimy Ridge
29th June 2017
Greece declared war on the Central Powers. 60,000 soldiers were recruited in Crete and a new army was created. In total, 250, 000 Greek soldiers saw action during the war, however, 15, 000 men were killed and 85, 000 wounded.
7th July 2017
King George V changed the Royal Families surname from Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (which was German) to Windsor, to show is support for the British Army.
6th November 2017
The third major battle of Ypres, which is also know as the Battle of Passchendaele took place between July and November 2017. General Sir Douglas Haig ordered attacks towards Passchendaele Ridge on the 9th and the 12th October, but they were unsuccessful. More attacks took place in October and on the 6th November Passchendaele village was finally taken by British and Canadian.
The next blog post will be the last one in this series of blog posts to celebrate the end of the war and it will be about the main events that happened during 2018.
Thank you for reading xx